Solid Case Law . In contrast, the case law supporting the conclusion that Congress has not preempted state arrests of aliens for violations of civil provisions of the INA is solid and on point. The Tenth Circuit has issued several opinions on the subject, all pointing to the conclusion that Congress has never sought to preempt the states’ inherent authority to make immigration arrests for both criminal and civil violations of the INA. Its 1984 ruling in the case of United States v. Salinas-Calderon , 728 1298 (10th Cir. 1984), confirmed the inherent arrest authority possessed by the states. The defendant in that case was the driver of a pickup who had been arrested for the criminal violation of transporting illegal aliens. He had been stopped by a state trooper for driving erratically. The driver and his wife were in the cab; and six passengers, none of whom spoke English, were in the back of the pickup. The defendant claimed that a state trooper did not have the authority to detain the transported passengers while he questioned them about their immigration status. In rejecting this claim, the Tenth Circuit held that a "state trooper has general investigatory authority to inquire into possible immigration violations." 728 at 1301 . The court did not differentiate between criminal and civil violations. Indeed, because there is no indication in the opinion that there was any reason to believe that the alien passengers had committed any criminal violations, the court’s statement appears to apply fully to civil as well as criminal violations.
1. Head west on W Camelback Rd toward N 20th Ave mi
2. Turn left onto N Black Canyon Hwy mi
3. Merge onto I-17 S via the ramp on the left to Tucson mi
4. Take exit 200A for I-10 W/Interstate 10 E toward Los Angeles/Tucson mi
5. Keep left at the fork, follow signs for I-10 E/Tucson and merge onto I-10 E mi
6. Take exit 147A to merge onto AZ-202 Loop E mi
7. Take exit 16 for Gilbert Rd mi
8. Turn right onto N Gilbert Rd mi
9. Turn left onto E McKellips Rd mi
10. Turn right onto N Arboleda
Destination will be on the right
The October 2017 term has begun. On Monday, the Supreme Court released additional orders from the September 25 conference. The court called for the views of the solicitor general in three cases: Sudan v. Harrison , Virginia Uranium v. Warren and Washington Department of Licensing v. Cougar Den, Inc . Also on Monday, the court heard oral argument in Epic Systems Corp. v. Lewis and Sessions v. Dimaya . The court will hear oral argument again on Tuesday and Wednesday, beginning at 10 . both days. The calendar for the October sitting is available on the court's website . On Friday the justices will meet for their October 6 conference; our list of "petitions to watch" for that conference will be available soon.